The expression: "Adequate and Balanced Nutrition" means sufficient consumption and proper usage of each nutrients needed to body`s growth, regeneration and work. The adequate and balanced nutrition plays an important role in protection of health and preventing diseases.

Between dinner in the evening and morning passes approximately 12 hours. During this time our bodies use all stored nutrients. If we don’t have breakfast the energy needed for the brain functions reduces, so we can experience such difficulties as fatigue, headache, lack of attention and perception. Breakfast is the most important meal to jump start the day and maintain a good form till evening. That is why so important is adequate and balanced breakfast menu. Breakfast should consist of eggs or cheese as the protein source; bread, buns etc. to get enough energy; fresh vegetables, fruit juice or fruit for our vitamin needs. From time to time you can have for breakfast cereal flakes mixed with milk but this option should be supported by fruits. Home-made soups like lentil or yoghurt soup is also a good option for breakfast.

To determine how much you should weigh several factors should be considered, including age, height, sex, and amount of bone, muscle and fat in your body. People with the ideal weight should avoid gaining excess kilograms, but those with overweight should aim to lose weight for protecting their health. It is necessary to gain healthy eating habits by consuming low-fat vegetable meals, lean white meat, dried beans, low-fat yoghurt, fruits and whole grains products. Regular physical activity is one of the most important things you can do for your body. You have to keep in balance the amount of energy intake and expenditure. Our bodies need at least three healthy meals a day. Do not skip your meals but also don`t eat high-calorie pastries, desserts and fat snacks. And one more thing, take attention to water intake.

Situation known among the people as the hidden diabetes represents pre-diabetic state of hyperglycemia that is associated with insulin resistance. It is metabolic condition when glucose level oscillate between normal and diabetic. Normal fasting plasma glucose level should be lower than 110 mg/dl. Condition when fasting plasma glucose result is more than 110 mg/dl but less than 140 mg/dl (according to the new criteria – 126 mg/dl) is defined as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Similarly; condition when plasma glucose level of patients, who had glucose tolerance test performed, in second hour exceeds 140 mg/dl, but doesn’t reach 200 m /dl is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance. This condition doesn’t cause classic symptoms of diabetes. But people with IGT, because they are in high-risk group of 2 Type diabetes, need to reorganize their lifestyle.