GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)
GERD is common pathology of esophagus that occurs in 75% of the society, although its diagnosis and treatment is still the most controversial among benign diseases of the esophagus. The reason is the lack of a universal definition of GERD. It is difficult to diagnose the disease with clinical symptoms. An alternative endoscopic definition of diseases is esophagitis (damage to the esophageal mucosa).
Passage of stomach contents into the esophagus is the physiological condition, but it cause discomfort or esophagus damage and eventually disease called GERD. GERD is a disorder of the most important element of the anti-reflux mechanism, the damage of the cover mechanism between the lower part of the esophagus and stomach. Disease symptoms occurs as a result of contact of the gastric fluids and esophageal mucosa.